Two bowl barrows, 530m and 670m north east of Plantation Cottage

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016501

Date first listed: 27-Oct-1975

Date of most recent amendment: 15-Jun-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows, 530m and 670m north east of Plantation Cottage
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Somerset

District: Taunton Deane (District Authority)

Parish: West Bagborough

National Grid Reference: ST 16873 34860

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The area of the Quantock Hills, although small in extent, is one of the few remaining expanses of open moorland in southern Britain. Its archaeological importance lies in the existence of a landscape displaying examples of monuments tracing the exploitation of the hills from the Bronze Age onwards. Well-preserved monuments from the Bronze Age and Iron Age, including round barrows, cairns, settlements, hillforts and a trackway, as well as later industrial remains, give insights into changes in the pattern of land use on the hills through time. These earthworks are one of the key components of the Quantocks' broader landscape character. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. In excess of 30 bowl barrows can be found on the Quantock Hills. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations among early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two bowl barrows north east of Plantation Cottage are part of a larger group of barrows situated on Wills Neck. Both barrows survive well and will contain archaeological deposits and environmental evidence relating to the barrows and the wider landscape in which they were constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls in two separate areas, includes two Bronze Age bowl barrows aligned from east-west on Wills Neck, a high, broad plateau in the southern region of the Quantock Hills, between Middle Hill and Bagborough Hill. The mound of the barrow to the west is 22m in diameter and approximately 2m high. It is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. This survives as a shallow depression up to 2.5m wide and is most apparent on the north, east, and south side. The mound of the barrow to the east is 13m in diameter and approximately 1m high. This is likely to have possessed a surrounding quarry ditch which will have become infilled over the years but will survives as a buried feature approximately 2m wide. Both barrow mounds have a hollow depression at the centre which may have been caused by their part excavation by an antiquarian.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32173

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing