This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Monk's Bridge 320m south east of Farthwaite

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Monk's Bridge 320m south east of Farthwaite

List entry Number: 1016552

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Copeland

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Ennerdale and Kinniside

National Park: LAKE DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 05-Mar-1958

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Jul-1999

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 27850

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Medieval and early post-medieval single span bridges are structures designed to carry a road or track over a river by means of a single arch, typically 3m- 6m in span. They were constructed throughout the medieval period, most commonly using timber. Stone began to be used instead of timber in the 12th century and became increasingly common in the 14th and 15th centuries. Many medieval bridges were repaired, modified or extensively rebuilt in the post- medieval period. During the medieval period the construction and maintenance of bridges was frequently carried out by large estates and the Church, especially monastic institutions which developed long distance packhorse routes between their landholdings. Some stone built medieval bridges still survive. These can be classified into three main types based on the profile of the arch which is typically pointed, semi-circular or flattened. A common medieval feature is the presence of stone ashlar ribs underneath the arch. The bridge abutments and revetting of the river banks also form part of the bridge. Where medieval bridges have been altered in later centuries, original features are sometimes concealed behind later stonework, including remains of earlier timber bridges. Bridges were common and important features of medieval towns and the countryside and allowed easy access along a well developed road and trackway system. However, only around 16 largely unaltered medieval single span bridges have so far been recognised to survive in England. All these are considered to be of national importance. A larger number retain significant medieval or post-medieval remains, allowing the original form of the bridge to be determined. These examples are also nationally important.

Despite being traditionally associated with nearby medieval Calder Abbey, Monk's Bridge is thought to have been either constructed or rebuilt in the 17th or 18th centuries. It is, however, a good and relatively rare surviving example of a simple single span packhorse bridge, a type common in the region during the medieval and early post-medieval periods, with the arch high enough above the water level to protect the bridge from rapidly rising flood waters which are a characteristic of rivers draining the Lakeland fells.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a post-medieval single span packhorse bridge over the River Calder situated above a rocky gorge 120m north of High Wath Ford. Although traditionally said to be a medieval structure associated with Calder Abbey some 4km downstream, Monk's Bridge is thought to be have been either constructed or rebuilt in the 17th or 18th centuries. It is built of roughly dressed red sandstone blocks rising to a single slightly pointed arch spanning approximately 5.5m. The pathway measures about 0.9m wide with alternate rows of stone slabs projecting outwards. Monk's Bridge is a Grade II Listed Building. All stiles and fence posts are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
AM7, Monks Bridge,
DOE, List of Buildings of Historic & Architectural Interest,

National Grid Reference: NY0640310261

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016552 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 13-Dec-2017 at 03:10:48.

End of official listing