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Pair of bowl barrows on Baily's Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Pair of bowl barrows on Baily's Hill

List entry Number: 1016684

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Wealden

District Type: District Authority

Parish: East Dean and Friston

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 07-Apr-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 16-Jul-1999

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31420

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two bowl barrows on Baily's Hill survive well and will retain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction and original use.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument falls into two areas of protection and includes a south west-north east aligned pair of bowl barrows situated on a chalk hill immediately behind one of the Seven Sisters cliffs on the Sussex coast. The larger of the two barrows lies to the south west and has a circular mound approximately 10m in diameter and 0.5m high. Surrounding the mound is likely to be a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has become infilled over the years and will survive as a buried feature around 2m wide. Lying around 145m to the north east, the smaller barrow has a mound measuring 0.5m in diameter and 0.6m high, surrounded by an approximately 1m wide buried quarry ditch.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: TV 54504 96656, TV 54582 96778

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016684 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 14-Dec-2017 at 06:56:20.

End of official listing