Wayside cross on Treloy Hill, 170m east of Tregenna Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016775

Date first listed: 04-Feb-1999


Ordnance survey map of Wayside cross on Treloy Hill, 170m east of Tregenna Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Colan

National Grid Reference: SW 85397 62398


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the `Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

The medieval wayside cross on Treloy Hill survives reasonably well, despite the loss of its head. It maintains its original function as a waymarker on its original route, on a road linking the north coast with major routes through Cornwall, and at a local level marking a route within the parish to the church demonstrating well the major roles of such wayside crosses.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a medieval wayside cross situated on a steep bank on Treloy Hill. The wayside cross survives as the lower part of a granite shaft set in a granite base. The shaft measures 0.38m high by 0.19m wide and is octagonal in section. The base measures 0.6m square and is 0.3m high. This wayside cross is situated on a steep grass bank on a bend on the A3059, the road between St Columb Major and Newquay, a route linking the north coast with major routes through Cornwall. The cross was first mentioned in 1858 by the antiquarian, Blight, as being situated on the roadside between St Columb Major and St Columb Minor. Later, in 1884 it was noticed that the letters `T S' were incised on the base, suggesting that the cross had been used as a boundary stone at some time in the past. In 1992 the shaft was broken off the base, but was repaired with a stainless steel pin and mortar. The octagonal shape of the shaft suggests this wayside cross has a late medieval date.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31835

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Langdon, A, Stone Crosses in Mid Cornwall, (1994)
Title: 1:25000 Ordnance Survey Map; SW 86/96; Pathfinder Series 1346 Source Date: 1985 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing