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Henge 850m south east of Foss Road Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Henge 850m south east of Foss Road Farm

List entry Number: 1016777

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Nottinghamshire

District: Rushcliffe

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Bingham

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 30-Apr-1974

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Jul-1999

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 29902

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Henges are ritual or ceremonial centres which date to the Late Neolithic period (2800-2000 BC). They were constructed as roughly circular or oval- shaped enclosures comprising a flat area over 20m in diameter enclosed by a ditch and external bank. One, two or four entrances provided access to the interior of the monument, which may have contained a variety of features including timber or stone circles, post or stone alignments, pits, burials or central mounds. Finds from the ditches and interiors of henges provide important evidence for the chronological development of the sites, the types of activity that occurred within them and the nature of the environment in which they were constructed. Henges occur throughout England with the exception of south-eastern counties and the Welsh Marches. They are generally situated on low ground, often close to springs and water-courses. Henges are rare nationally with about 80 known examples. As one of the few types of identified Neolithic structures and in view of their comparative rarity, all henges are considered to be of national importance.

Bingham henge is a well preserved and rare example of this type of site in Nottinghamshire. The fill of the ditch, the make up of the bank and the old ground surface beneath the bank will retain important archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the use and date of the site.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried remains of Bingham henge, located 850m south east of Foss Road Farm, beneath a car park in Bingham Industrial Estate. Aerial photography revealed the site as a clear soil mark in the 1960s following ploughing of the field. A protective layer of clay, 0.9m in depth, was placed over the monument prior to development early in the 1970s. The site consists of a sub-circular platform surrounded by a ditch and external bank and measures a total of 35m in diameter. A causeway to the south east provides an entrance to the interior. All modern roads and surfaces are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Darvill, T. C., Monument Protection Programme Single Monument Description Henges, 1989,

National Grid Reference: SK 70271 40351

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016777 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 13-Dec-2017 at 01:17:24.

End of official listing