Enclosed settlement 450m north of Bake Barn


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016781

Date first listed: 14-Jul-1999


Ordnance survey map of Enclosed settlement 450m north of Bake Barn
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Jan-2019 at 13:07:36.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Enford

National Grid Reference: SU 18354 52356


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain, particularly in those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain Training Area. These remains represent one of the few extant archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from those in other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well. Enclosures provide important evidence of land use and agricultural practices in the prehistoric/Romano-British period. The enclosures in the Salisbury Plain Training Area belong to one of the most important and best preserved fossil landscapes in southern Britain. The presence of these remains and their relationship with extensive field systems and settlement complexes are of critical importance to understanding the character and development of downland agriculture.

Despite cultivation erosion, excavation has shown that the three enclosed settlements 450m north of Bake Barn survive well as buried features. They are known to contain archaeological and environmental remains relating both to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes an area of enclosed Iron Age settlement situated on a broad flat-topped ridge on Coombe Down and comprises two, adjacent, large sub-circular ditched enclosures, the southernmost of which contains a further, smaller, sub-rectangular enclosure. They form part of a group of six such settlements that all lie within 2km of each other, two of which are the subject of separate schedulings. Although no longer visible on the surface, the enclosures are visible on aerial photographs and will survive as buried features. The northern enclosure has a level interior with a maximum diameter of 150m, surrounding which is a ditch. Excavation by the University of Reading has shown this to be 3.5m wide and 1.7m deep. The second enclosure is adjacent, to the south east, and is slightly larger with a maximum internal diameter of 180m. Excavation has shown the surrounding ditch of this enclosure to be 4m wide and 2.5m deep. Lying within this enclosure, and slightly off centre is a much smaller sub-rectangular enclosure. This has an internal diameter of approximately 30m and is surrounded by a ditch 2.5m wide and 1.8m deep. There is a gap in the ditch circuit on the east side that probably represents an entrance. Where they face each other, the two larger enclosures also have gaps in their ditch circuits. Pottery recovered during the University of Reading excavations show that the smallest enclosure is also the earliest and dates from the Early Iron Age, although a large pit found just inside this enclosure also contained Early Iron Age pottery and may represent a brief period of unenclosed settlement. The two larger enclosures were constructed at the end of the Early Iron Age and continued in use during the Middle Iron Age.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31194

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing