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Four bowl barrows at Allington Hill, 420m south west of Allington Hill Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Four bowl barrows at Allington Hill, 420m south west of Allington Hill Farm

List entry Number: 1016820

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cambridgeshire

District: East Cambridgeshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Bottisham

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 31-Oct-1972

Date of most recent amendment: 15-Jul-1999

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 33346

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The four bowl barrows at Allington Hill are some of the few surviving examples of a formerly much more extensive cemetery on the chalklands of south east Cambridgeshire, now largely destroyed. The cemetery is one of the most substantial indicators of prehistoric activity in the region and is therefore a focus for the study of prehistoric society. As a result of part excavation at the beginning of the 20th century the remains are quite well understood, while significant archaeological deposits have been left intact.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried remains of four bowl barrows situated on the slopes of a chalk spur at Allington Hill, Bottisham. The mounds of the barrows have been levelled, but the ditches, from which earth was dug and used in the construction of the barrows, have become infilled over the years and now survive as buried features, visible as cropmarks (areas of varying plant growth over buried archaeological features) on aerial photographs.

The buried remains of the first barrow on Allington Hill have a diameter of 24m, the second barrow, about 240m to the south west of the hill has a diameter of 20m, the third barrow lies approximately 350m south west of the hill and measures 17m in diameter, while the fourth barrow lies about 350m south east of Allington Hill and is 30m in diameter. Two barrows in this group were partly excavated during the 19th century and were found to contain cremation burials and different types of Bronze Age urns, made of redware and coarse black unbaked pottery.

The bowl barrows at Allington Hill lie within a once extensive area of burial mounds in this area of south east Cambridgeshire.

All fences are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Symonds, J, 'Tempus Reparatum' in Archaeological assessment at Hare Park proposed new development, (1990), 21
Other
CUCAP: RC8 - EA 65, (1982)
F1 RD 11-FEB-82, Dickson, R, Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigators Comment, (1982)
F2 RD 10-FEB-81, Dickson, R, Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Field Investigators Comment, (1981)
RCHM, NE Cambs, (1972)
RCHM, NE Cambs, (1972)
RCHM, NE Cambs, (1972)

National Grid Reference: TL 57779 58478, TL 57817 58598, TL 57968 58724, TL 58352 58675

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016820 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 07:35:11.

End of official listing