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Moat House moated site

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moat House moated site

List entry Number: 1016835

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Tewkesbury

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Uckington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 16-Oct-2000

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 32340

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Moat House moated site survives well, despite the presence of later buildings on part of the island. Buried deposits on the island are likely to include the remains of medieval structures, and will contain archaeological information relating to the construction and subsequent occupation and use of the moated site. Within the moat waterlogged deposits will have preserved archaeological remains relating to the occupation and use of the site, along with organic material which will provide information about the economy of the site and the local environment during the medieval period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a moated site on low-lying ground 150m north of the River Chelt. It includes a rectangular moat enclosing an island measuring 120m north-south and 68m east-west. The southern half of this enclosed area is up to 1m higher than northern portion, and it is possible that the medieval predecessor to the present houses lay in this area. The moat is 17m wide at its widest point and 6m at its narrowest and up to 2m deep to the surface of the water. There is an external bank along the southern arm which is about 1.5m high and up to 12m wide. To the east of the main moated site is a subsidiary enclosure, defined to the south by a ditch about 0.5m deep and up to 18m wide, which then runs north, parallel to the eastern arm of the main moat, enclosing an area measuring up to 110m north-south and 28m east-west. A cast-iron bridge, which replaced an earlier access to the island, was built across the northern arm during the 19th century. The bridge bears the inscription `CAST AT COALBROOKDALE 1851' and, with its two stone lodges, is Listed Grade II. A house, which became known as Moat House during the 19th century, stands in the north east quarter of the island. The present structure dates from the early 17th century with considerable 19th century alterations, and is also Listed Grade II. To the north west of the house is the 19th century coach house, and a late 17th/early 18th century timber framed barn, both Grade II Listed Buildings. There is no record of the date at which the moated site at Uckington was originally constructed, although it is likely to have occurred during the height of the moat building tradition, between 1250 and 1350, when the manor of Uckington was in the possession of the Abbey of St Denis in Paris. The manor later passed to Deerhurst Priory, and then in 1467 to Tewkesbury Abbey. After the Dissolution the estate passed into secular hands, and the only reference to a manor house dates to this period. In the early 17th century the moated site is believed to have become the site of the rectory house and part of Moat House dates to this period. Moat House, the coach house and barn, the stone and cast iron bridge and associated lodges, the greenhouse, all fences, gates, gateposts, stone and brick walls and all paved and gravelled surfaces are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Elrington, C R, Morgan, K, Herbert, N, The Victoria History of the County of Gloucestershire, (1968), 51-54
Other
DOE, Buildings of Special Hist & Arch Interest,

National Grid Reference: SO 91608 24691

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016835 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 09:51:19.

End of official listing