Round barrow on Elsham Golf Course, 240m north east of Timaru Farm Cottages

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016886

Date first listed: 16-Apr-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow on Elsham Golf Course, 240m north east of Timaru Farm Cottages
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: North Lincolnshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Elsham

National Grid Reference: TA 02317 11064

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Excavation of round barrows in the region have shown that they demonstrate a very wide range of burial rites from simple scatters of cremated material to coffin inhumations and cremations contained in urns, typically dating to the Bronze Age. A common factor is that barrows were normally used for more than one burial and that the primary burial was frequently on or below the original ground surface, often with secondary burials located within the body of the mound. Most barrows include a small number of grave goods. These are often small pottery food vessels, but stone, bone, jet and bronze items have also occasionally been found. Excavation has also shown that even where no encircling depression is discernible on the modern ground surface, ditches immediately around the outside of barrows frequently survive as infilled features, containing additional archaeological deposits. The round barrow on Elsham Golf Course 240m north east of Timaru Farm Cottages is a very rare survival in an area where most have been ploughed flat. It will retain significant information about the prehistoric burial practices in northern Lincolnshire.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of a prehistoric burial mound on Elsham Golf Course, 240m north east of Timaru Farm Cottages and 150m north east of the course club house. The round barrow survives as a 30m diameter mound rising to just over 1.5m high. It has been landscaped with a flattened top and a level platform on its southern side for the golf course's 12th tee. In 1976 a small quantity of cremated bone was found in a rabbit scrape. The steps built into the side of the mound are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32626

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Record card, North Lincolnshire SMR, 2296,

End of official listing