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Medieval rural settlement at Quemerford

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Medieval rural settlement at Quemerford

List entry Number: 1017056

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Calne

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 07-Jul-1999

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28997

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Medieval rural settlements in England were marked by great regional diversity in form, size and type, and the protection of their archaeological remains needs to take these differences into account. To do this, England has been divided into three broad Provinces on the basis of each area's distinctive mixture of nucleated and dispersed settlements. These can be further divided into sub-Provinces and local regions, possessing characteristics which have gradually evolved during the last 1500 years or more. The Upper Avon and Thames local region has mixed characteristics, with elements of both `village' and `woodland' landscapes. It is distinguished by substantial densities of villages and hamlets associated with moderate numbers of scattered farmsteads, giving a rather dense overall pattern, but the region still carried woodland in 1086, and the Braden and Chippenham Forests reflect this.

The medieval rural settlement at Quemerford Farm is well preserved and is a good example of its class within this sub-Province. It will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls into two areas, includes the remains of part of a medieval settlement located to the south of Quemerford Farm and either side of a track, the origins of which may be contemporary with the settlement. The monument is situated on the edge of the Kimmeridge clay in a small valley cut by the River Marden. Immediately to the north coral rag rises gently towards Calne. The settlement area divides into two parts. To the west of the track and at the western edge of the area east of the track, there is a series of well- defined house platforms, up to 0.6m high. Those which abut and are aligned on the track provide clear evidence of its antiquity, a point also confirmed by the route it provides between the settlement and the 13th century St Peter's Church, now in Blackland Park. Linear banks surround and run between the platforms. These features represent the boundaries of enclosures or closes; one prominent example running parallel to the track on the west side stands 1m high. Beyond the area of house platforms to the east is a series of less distinct earthwork features representing fields. These were arranged on a different alignment and fill the intervening area between the Quemerford settlement and a further settlement some 250m further east. This eastern settlement has been levelled by agricultural operations over the years and is not included in the scheduling. Although less well preserved than the earthworks west of the track, the visible remains of fields between the two settlements are included in the scheduling as they represent a further dimension to the monument not represented elsewhere. To the west of the track, earthworks and buried remains are likely to extend beyond the scheduling to the north, representing a further area of medieval settlement. Remains also extend into Blackland Park to the south. The monument includes the main focus of occupation and agricultural activity and these areas, to the north and south are not included in the scheduling. All fence posts and water troughs are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Currie, C, Earthworks at Quemerford near Calne, Wiltshire, (1986)

National Grid Reference: SU 00832 69833, SU 00970 69844

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017056 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 02:59:27.

End of official listing