Bown Hill long barrow 790m south east of Longwood Farm
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Oct-2019 at 03:52:54.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Stroud (District Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SO 82302 01791
Reasons for Designation
Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of
long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded
nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as
earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and
their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be
Bown Hill long barrow survives well, despite some disturbance from 19th century excavations. The monument lies in an area of significant prehistoric activity, with a number of long barrows and bowl barrows lying within a 1km radius of the site, and a single bowl barrow lying 70m to the north west. The barrow mound will contain evidence for stone chambers, burials and grave goods, which will provide information about prehistoric funerary practices, and about the size of the local community at that time. The mound will also preserve environmental information in the buried original ground surface, predating the construction of the barrow and giving an insight into the landscape in which the monument was set. In addition, the mound and its associated ditches will also contain archaeological information and environmental evidence in the form of organic remains which will relate both to the monument and the wider landscape.
The monument includes a long barrow orientated approximately east-west on the
crest of a hill in the Cotswolds. It is visible as a barrow mound 56m long by
22m wide and ranging between 2m high at its western end to 4.5m high at its
eastern end. At the east end of the mound is a large depression measuring
approximately 12m by 9m, while in the centre of the mound is a second
depression about 8m wide, both of which are thought to have been due to the
partial excavation of the barrow in 1863. Two parallel ditches, from which
material was excavated during the construction of the barrow, lie on either
side of the barrow mound to the north and south. These ditches are no longer
visible at ground level, having become infilled over the years, but survive as
buried features about 3m wide.
The barrow was partially excavated by Dr Paine and Mr Witchell in 1863. At the
east end, between dry stone wall horns, was a megalithic portal which lead
straight into a rectangular burial chamber measuring 2.6m by 1.2m. The chamber
contained the remains of at least six individuals, animal bones and some
Neolithic pottery. Some Romano-British pottery and a coin of Germanicus
(struck approximately AD19) were also recovered.
The dry stone walls and wire fences which run immediately to the west and
north of the mound are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground
beneath them is included.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. LXXIX, (1960), 95
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing