Three bowl barrows on Black Hill, 590m north west of Crowcombe Park Gate

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017219

Date first listed: 23-Jun-1975

Date of most recent amendment: 17-May-2000

Map

Ordnance survey map of Three bowl barrows on Black Hill, 590m north west of Crowcombe Park Gate
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Somerset

District: West Somerset (District Authority)

Parish: Holford

National Grid Reference: ST 14738 38364

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The area of the Quantock Hills, although small in extent, is one of the few remaining expanses of open moorland in southern Britain. Its archaeological importance lies in the existence of a landscape displaying examples of monuments tracing the exploitation of the hills from the Bronze Age onwards. Well-preserved monuments from the Bronze Age and Iron Age, including round barrows, cairns, settlements, hillforts and a trackway, as well as later industrial remains, give insights into changes in the pattern of land use on the hills through time. These earthworks are one of the key components of the Quantocks' broader landscape character. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. In excess of 30 bowl barrows can be found on the Quantock Hills. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations among early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The three bowl barrows on Black Hill, 590m north west of Crowcombe Park Gate, survive well both as a discrete group and as part of a wider group of bowl barrows and cairns on Black Hill and will contain archaeological deposits and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the wider landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes three bowl barrows situated on the lower north facing slope of Black Hill in the western region of the Quantock Hills. They form outlying members of a dispersed barrow and cairn cemetery and are aligned broadly from east to west. The diameters of the three barrow mounds are 13m, 5m and 12m and they are approximately 1.5m, 0.5m and 1.2m high respectively. The mound of the central barrow is slightly irregular in profile. A concrete gas marker post located on the north east side of the easternmost barrow mound is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32186

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of Somerset Archaelogical & Natural History Society' in Somerset Barrows, , Vol. 113 pt 1, (1969), 34
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of Somerset Archaelogical & Natural History Society' in Somerset Barrows, , Vol. 113 pt 1, (1969), 34
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of Somerset Archaelogical & Natural History Society' in Somerset Barrows, , Vol. 113 pt 1, (1969), 34

End of official listing