Two bowl barrows 320m south west of Laycock Dairy Farm
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 20-Sep-2019 at 11:00:45.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- West Dorset (District Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SY 71508 94747
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
Despite some reduction by ploughing the two bowl barrows 320m south west of Laycock Dairy Farm survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which they were constructed.
The monument includes two bowl barrows aligned north west by south east,
situated on a low ridge overlooking a dry valley to the north east.
The barrows, which were recorded by the Royal Commission on the Historical
Monuments of England in 1970, each have a mound composed of earth and chalk,
with maximum dimensions of 16m and 14m in diameter respectively and about 0.5m
in height. Each mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was
quarried during the construction of the monument. These have become infilled
over the years, but each will survive as a buried feature 1.5m wide.
The barrows lie within an extensive area of field system which is likely to
have prehistoric origins. However this has since been reduced by ploughing to
the extent that only fragmentary remains will survive. The field system is not
included in the scheduling.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 231
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing