Two bowl barrows on Lord's Down 580m south east of Crawthorne Farm

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1017277
Date first listed:
17-Jul-1961
Date of most recent amendment:
07-Aug-2001

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows on Lord's Down 580m south east of Crawthorne Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Dorset
District:
West Dorset (District Authority)
Parish:
Burleston
National Grid Reference:
SY 77955 96338

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two bowl barrows on Lord's Down 580m south east of Crawthorne Farm will contain archaeological deposits containing evidence about Bronze Age burial practices, society and the contemporary environment.

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows, aligned east-west, forming part of a dispersed group of barrows on Lord's Down, the remainder of which are the subject of separate schedulings. About 15m apart, they lie on a low rise at the base of a north facing slope. The eastern barrow has a mound 30m in diameter and 1m high while the western barrow has a mound 35m in diameter and 0.75m high. Surrounding each mound is a quarry ditch from which material was derived for its construction and which have become infilled over the years, but will survive as buried features about 3m wide. The barrows lie within an extensive area of later prehistoric field system which has been reduced in height by ploughing; the fragmentary surviving remains are not included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
33533
Legacy System:
RSM

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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