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Medieval dylings and flood defence bank at Gold Fen Dike Bank, immediately south west of Ash Cottage

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Medieval dylings and flood defence bank at Gold Fen Dike Bank, immediately south west of Ash Cottage

List entry Number: 1017323

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lincolnshire

District: Boston

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Wrangle

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 23-Oct-1998

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Jul-2000

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22741

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dylings are medieval fields on the siltlands of the Fens and comprise blocks of strips of cultivated land which were often bordered by droves and dykes. These strips were separated by ditches and were broader than those of the `ridge and furrow' system which is more typical of the uplands. They also differed in that they were ploughed flat, rather than ridged. Very few examples of this distinctive regional pattern of cultivation are known to survive as earthworks in the Fens and all good examples which do survive as earthworks will merit protection.

The medieval dylings and early flood defence bank, immediately south west of Ash Cottage represent one of the best surviving examples of medieval dylings in the fenland. Earthworks and buried archaeological deposits will preserve valuable evidence for medieval farming practice and for the local environment in which it functioned, as well as that which preceded it. The dylings are particularly rare in being associated with the remains of an early fen bank, which preserves information about flood defence in this area over 1000 years ago.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the earthwork remains of dylings, a field system of medieval date, located in the fenland 2.2km north east of St Mary and St Nicholas' Church. The dylings lie adjacent to the remains of an early medieval flood defence bank, which is the predecessor of the present Gold Fen Dike Bank. The monument includes the earthwork remains of the early flood defence bank. The dylings take the form of parallel field strips aligned north west to south east and separated by narrow ditches up to 0.5m deep. The strips are about 100m long and vary in width between 20m and 50m, occupying a total area 200m wide. Shallow depressions in some of the strips mark the position of former ponds, and near the centre of the monument is a water-filled pond of later date. The rectangular area occupied by the strips is bounded on each of the long sides by a linear bank 3m-5m wide running at right angles to them, and the whole system is surrounded by a ditch 2m in width. Adjacent to the north western side of the field system, and aligned with it south west to north east, is a broad bank cut along the middle by a shallow ditch. This bank represents the remains of an early flood defence bank believed to have originated in the late Anglo-Saxon period in order to prevent flooding by upland waters from the north west. The alignment of the early bank is followed by the present Gold Fen Dike Bank. All modern fences and gates are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: TF 43864 52599

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 10:20:09.

End of official listing