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Bowl barrow at The Napp

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow at The Napp

List entry Number: 1017347

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Shropshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Worthen with Shelve

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 09-Oct-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Jul-1999

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 32295

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow at The Napp is a well-preserved example of this class of monument. The barrow mound will retain evidence for its method of construction as well as the burial or burials within it. These remains will advance our understanding of Bronze Age society, including the ritual practices and technical abilities of the people who constructed the barrow. The accumulated ditch fills will preserve environmental evidence for the activities which took place at the site during the construction of the barrow, and its subsequent use. In addition, the buried ground surface beneath the mound will preserve evidence for the prehistoric landscape in which the barrow was built. The prominent position of the monument makes it a clearly visible landmark.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated on the top, and at the southern end, of a natural north-south ridge, near to the summit of Round Hill. From this elevated position there are extensive views of the surrounding countryside, notably the Stiperstones to the east and the undulating lowlands to the north. The barrow on Round Hill, 200m to the west, is also clearly visible from this location, and is the subject of a separate scheduling.

The barrow mound is of earth and stone construction. It is about 20m in diameter and survives to a height of 2m. The height of the monument has been greatly enhanced by its topographic location. To the west, where no break of slope is now detectable between the ridge and the barrow mound, the combined height of these two features is 4m.

Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the barrow, surrounds the mound. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature approximately 3m wide.

Part of the top of the mound has been partly excavated, which has resulted in the creation of a level platform. At the base of the resulting 0.6m deep cut is an embedded stone slab. This slab may be the remains of a cist (a stone slab coffin) from a later intrusive burial within the mound. No records are known to survive of this excavation.

The modern field boundaries and fences, together with the outbuildings and enclosure walls associated with the cottage, are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SO 35120 99329

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 10:50:54.

End of official listing