A cairn on a knoll east of Woodclose Gill, in Scale Knoll Allotment, 785m north east of Black Hill Gate

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017414

Date first listed: 24-Oct-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of A cairn on a knoll east of Woodclose Gill, in Scale Knoll Allotment, 785m north east of Black Hill Gate
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: County Durham (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Barningham

National Grid Reference: NZ 04896 08905

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the cairn 785m north east of Black Hill Gate has been slightly disturbed by stone-robbing in the past, it retains evidence of its form and location, and forms an important part of the prehistoric landscape of Barningham Moor, which includes numerous other cairns, carved rocks, settlements and agricultural field systems. This site will therefore contribute to studies of prehistoric landscapes and the changing patterns of land use over time.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a cairn 5m in diameter and 0.4m high. It is situated on Barningham Moor, in the modern sheep-grazing enclosure known as Scale Knoll Allotment. The monument is on the summit of a prominent knoll east of Woodclose Gill, south of the road from Barningham to East Hope, 785m north east of Black Hill Gate. The cairn has been slightly disturbed by stone-robbing.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 30465

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing