A cairn on a knoll east of Woodclose Gill, in Scale Knoll Allotment, 785m north east of Black Hill Gate
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 12-Aug-2020 at 21:54:55.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- County Durham (Unitary Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- NZ 04896 08905
Reasons for Designation
Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.
Although the cairn 785m north east of Black Hill Gate has been slightly disturbed by stone-robbing in the past, it retains evidence of its form and location, and forms an important part of the prehistoric landscape of Barningham Moor, which includes numerous other cairns, carved rocks, settlements and agricultural field systems. This site will therefore contribute to studies of prehistoric landscapes and the changing patterns of land use over time.
The monument includes a cairn 5m in diameter and 0.4m high. It is situated on
Barningham Moor, in the modern sheep-grazing enclosure known as Scale Knoll
Allotment. The monument is on the summit of a prominent knoll east of
Woodclose Gill, south of the road from Barningham to East Hope, 785m north
east of Black Hill Gate.
The cairn has been slightly disturbed by stone-robbing.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing