A cairn on the summit of a knoll, in the southwest corner of Scale Knoll Allotment,800m south east of Far East Hope, Barningham Moor
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 12-Aug-2020 at 21:22:58.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- County Durham (Unitary Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- NZ 04644 08609
Reasons for Designation
Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.
Although the cairn 800m south east of Far East Hope has been slightly disturbed, it retains evidence of its form and location, and forms an important part of the prehistoric landscape of Barningham Moor, which includes numerous other cairns, carved rocks, settlements and evidence for the agricultural use of the land. This site will therefore contribute to studies of such prehistoric landscapes and the changing patterns of land use over time.
The monument includes a cairn, 5m in diameter and 0.4m high. It is situated on
Barningham Moor, in the south west corner of the modern sheep-grazing
enclosure known as Scale Knoll Allotment. The monument is on the summit of a
knoll. An accurate National Grid Reference is NZ 04646 08608.
The cairn is composed of sandstone, the visible stones being of a maximum size
0.4m by 0.4m by 0.5m. It has been slightly disturbed by stone-robbing in
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing