A cairn on the summit of a knoll, in the southwest corner of Scale Knoll Allotment,800m south east of Far East Hope, Barningham Moor

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017432

Date first listed: 24-Oct-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of A cairn on the summit of a knoll, in the southwest corner of Scale Knoll Allotment,800m south east of Far East Hope, Barningham Moor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: County Durham (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Barningham

National Grid Reference: NZ 04644 08609

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the cairn 800m south east of Far East Hope has been slightly disturbed, it retains evidence of its form and location, and forms an important part of the prehistoric landscape of Barningham Moor, which includes numerous other cairns, carved rocks, settlements and evidence for the agricultural use of the land. This site will therefore contribute to studies of such prehistoric landscapes and the changing patterns of land use over time.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a cairn, 5m in diameter and 0.4m high. It is situated on Barningham Moor, in the south west corner of the modern sheep-grazing enclosure known as Scale Knoll Allotment. The monument is on the summit of a knoll. An accurate National Grid Reference is NZ 04646 08608. The cairn is composed of sandstone, the visible stones being of a maximum size 0.4m by 0.4m by 0.5m. It has been slightly disturbed by stone-robbing in the past.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 30470

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing