Bowl barrow 310m south of Widworthy Barton

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017475

Date first listed: 21-Jun-1976

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Dec-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 310m south of Widworthy Barton
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: East Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Widworthy

National Grid Reference: SY 21361 98965

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow south of Widworthy Barton survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the crest of a north facing slope overlooking the upper reaches of the Umborne Brook. The barrow, which appears to be an isolated example, is located south of Widworthy Barton in an area of old marlpits. It has a mound 1.5m high and 14m across. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. This is 2.1m wide and 0.3m deep, having been partially infilled over the years.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 29631

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society' in Barrows of South and East Devon, , Vol. 41, (1983), 45

End of official listing