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A partly enclosed stone hut circle settlement on Kennon Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: A partly enclosed stone hut circle settlement on Kennon Hill

List entry Number: 1017479

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Throwleigh

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 08-Dec-1997

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28656

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The partly enclosed stone hut circle settlement on Kennon Hill survives well and provides evidence of a complex developmental sequence. In addition, archaeological and environmental information relating to the character and development of this area in prehistoric times survives. This settlement lies on the interface between rich tin deposits and extensive areas of upland grazing and therefore information concerning the exploitation of these resources may survive.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a partly enclosed stone hut circle settlement lying on a south west facing slope overlooking the valley of the Gallaven Brook. The western part of the settlement includes an agglomerated enclosure containing at least 13 irregular shaped areas each defined by lengths of rubble walling. At least 22 stone hut circles lie within the agglomerated enclosure and of these, three are free standing, three are butted to the walling and the remainder are linked by lengths of the enclosure wall. The hut circles which are linked to the enclosure walling are clearly earlier than the enclosure, whilst those which are butted to it are later. The enclosure shows obvious signs of having developed over time and was added to a previously unenclosed settlement. In the area east and south of the agglomerated enclosure are three unenclosed stone hut circles and further to the east are two further huts linked by a length of rubble walling. A small oval enclosure denoting the eastern edge of the settlement measures 12m long by 10m wide and is defined by a 1.4m wide and 0.7m high rubble bank containing occasional orthostats. The stone hut circles within the settlement all survive as banks surrounding circular or oval internal areas which vary from 3.46 square metres to 52.78 square metres with the average being 18.48 square metres. The heights of the surrounding walls vary between 0.3m and 1.3m, with the average being 0.66m. Eleven of the huts have visible doorways and the orthostatic, rubble bank and coursed walling building traditions are all represented.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard, Gerrard, S., (1997)

National Grid Reference: SX 64184 89047

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 01:59:58.

End of official listing