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Burton Moor bowl barrow

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Burton Moor bowl barrow

List entry Number: 1017545

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Derbyshire

District: Derbyshire Dales

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Bakewell

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 03-Jul-1933

Date of most recent amendment: 09-Dec-1992

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13364

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although part of Burton Moor bowl barrow has been disturbed by stone robbers and partial excavation, significant areas survive intact and contain undisturbed archaeological remains.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Burton Moor bowl barrow is located on the limestone plateau of Derbyshire, north of Grindlow on the eastern shelves south of the River Wye. The monument includes a roughly circular cairn measuring 15m by 14m and standing c.1.5m high. The north and west sides of the barrow have been somewhat disturbed in the past by stone robbers, probably at the time of the Enclosures. In 1849 the barrow was partially excavated by Thomas Bateman who found a primary rock- cut grave containing three crouched skeletons, two of which were female. These were accompanied by a number of flint implements and a jet necklace and had been covered over with stones on which were found animal bones and the remains of a human cremation. These remains indicate a Bronze Age date for the barrow while, higher up in the mound, were found the remains of a secondary Anglian interment. This was accompanied by a bronze bowl and a silver-plated ring which Bateman calls a frame for an enamel. Excluded from the scheduling are the drystone walls crossing the monument but the ground underneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Ten Years Diggings in Celtic and Saxon Grave-Hills, (1861)
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977)
Meaney, A L S, Gazetteer of Early Anglo-Saxon Burial Sites, (1964)
Fowler, M J, 'Derbyshire Archaeological Journal' in The Anglian Settlement of the Derbys-Staffs. Peak District, , Vol. 74, (1954)

National Grid Reference: SK 20059 67331

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017545 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2017 at 10:20:40.

End of official listing