Moated site and fishpond at Wyfordby

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017619

Date first listed: 09-Oct-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 03-Feb-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Moated site and fishpond at Wyfordby
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Leicestershire

District: Melton (District Authority)

Parish: Freeby

National Grid Reference: SK 79292 18878

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moat at Wyfordby survives well. Unusually for Leicestershire it has a raised central island which remains undisturbed and will retain significant evidence of the buildings which occupied it.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The medieval earthworks at Wyfordby lie on a south facing slope between the village and the river Eye, 3km east of Melton Mowbray. They include a moated site and fishpond.

The moat comprises a rectangular island raised by 2m above the surrounding ground surface which measures 20 x 30m and which has some construction stone showing on the south bank. Standing water is contained in the moat arms on the north, south and south-west sides of the island, with evidence of outer banks on the eastern and southern sides and an outer bank of up to 2.5m on the western side. Later disturbance has modified evidence of a north bank which may have contained an entrance. To the north-west the bank turns to form a fishpond, now dry, measuring 30 x 8m with banks up to 1.5m high. A feeding stream runs north-south on the eastern side of the site, although it is unconnected to the site today and is thus not included in the scheduling.

The site is believed to have been the residence of the Chevercourt family who abandoned it about 1400.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 17102

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Hartley, R F, The Medieval Earthworks of North-West Leicestershire, (1987), 16,48

End of official listing