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Moated site and fishpond at Wyfordby

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site and fishpond at Wyfordby

List entry Number: 1017619

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Leicestershire

District: Melton

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Freeby

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 09-Oct-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 03-Feb-1993

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 17102

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moat at Wyfordby survives well. Unusually for Leicestershire it has a raised central island which remains undisturbed and will retain significant evidence of the buildings which occupied it.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The medieval earthworks at Wyfordby lie on a south facing slope between the village and the river Eye, 3km east of Melton Mowbray. They include a moated site and fishpond.

The moat comprises a rectangular island raised by 2m above the surrounding ground surface which measures 20 x 30m and which has some construction stone showing on the south bank. Standing water is contained in the moat arms on the north, south and south-west sides of the island, with evidence of outer banks on the eastern and southern sides and an outer bank of up to 2.5m on the western side. Later disturbance has modified evidence of a north bank which may have contained an entrance. To the north-west the bank turns to form a fishpond, now dry, measuring 30 x 8m with banks up to 1.5m high. A feeding stream runs north-south on the eastern side of the site, although it is unconnected to the site today and is thus not included in the scheduling.

The site is believed to have been the residence of the Chevercourt family who abandoned it about 1400.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Hartley, R F, The Medieval Earthworks of North-West Leicestershire, (1987), 16,48

National Grid Reference: SK 79292 18878

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017619 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 02:15:46.

End of official listing