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Romano-British farmstead 480m north west of Devil's Dyke Cottages

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Romano-British farmstead 480m north west of Devil's Dyke Cottages

List entry Number: 1017649

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Mid Sussex

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Poynings

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 31-Jan-1997

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 27082

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Romano-British farmsteads are small agricultural units comprising groups of up to four circular or rectangular houses along with associated structures which may include wells, storage pits, corn-drying ovens and granary stores. These were sometimes constructed within a yard surrounded by a rectangular or curvilinear enclosure, and associated field systems, trackways and cemeteries may be located nearby. Most Romano-British farmsteads in south east England have been discovered by the analysis of aerial photographs. They usually survive in the form of buried features visible as crop and soil marks and occasionally as low earthworks. Often situated on marginal agricultural land and found throughout the British Isles, they date to the period of Roman occupation (c.AD 43-450). Romano-British farmsteads are generally regarded as low status settlements, with the members of one family or small kinship group pursuing a mixed farming economy. Excavation at these sites has shown a marked continuity with later prehistoric settlements. There is little evidence of personal wealth and a limited uptake of the Romanised way of life. Romano- British farmsteads occur throughout southern England, but cluster on the chalk downland of Wessex, Sussex and Kent. As the most representative form of rural settlement in the region during the Roman period, all Romano-British farmsteads which have been positively identified and which have significant surviving remains will merit protection.

The Romano-British farmstead 480m north west of Devil's Dyke Cottages survives well, despite some disturbance by modern ploughing, and has been shown by part excavation to contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the ways in which the monument was constructed and used. The close association of two broadly contemporary monuments, the farmstead and the Iron Age hillfort, will provide evidence for the changing nature of settlement during the Late Iron Age-Romano-British period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a farmstead dating to the early Romano-British period situated on a ridge of the Sussex Downs. The farmstead survives largely in buried form and is visible as an area of hollows and uneven ground covering c.1.75ha. Part excavation in 1935 revealed a circular, levelled area c.9m in diameter, interpreted as a round house. Associated with the domestic building were seven refuse pits containing oyster shells, pottery sherds and coins. These indicated that the farmstead was in use around the period of the Roman occupation (AD 43). Further buried remains associated with the farmstead will survive between and around these features. The modern fence which crosses the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Burstow, G P, Wilson, A E, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Excavation of a Celtic Village on the Ladies' Golf Course, etc, , Vol. 77, (1936), 195-201

National Grid Reference: TQ 25573 10669

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017649 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 06:08:20.

End of official listing