Bowl barrow 650m south east of Baycliffe Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017696

Date first listed: 03-Mar-1927

Date of most recent amendment: 23-Feb-1998


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 650m south east of Baycliffe Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Horningsham

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Maiden Bradley with Yarnfield

National Grid Reference: ST 81634 39171


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 650m south east of Baycliffe Farm is a well preserved example of its class. Partial excavation has demonstrated it to be of Bronze Age date. Further archaeological remains will survive providing information about Bronze Age beliefs, economy and environment.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow 650m south east of Baycliffe Farm. The barrow, which lies on a narrow ridge forming the western end of Brimsdown Hill, includes a slightly oval mound approximately 22m (east-west) by 18m and 2.5m high. A 3m wide ditch, from which material to construct the mound would have been quarried, is visible on the eastern (upslope) side of the mound only. Elsewhere around the mound it has been infilled and will survive as a buried feature. The barrow was partially excavated by Sir Richard Colt Hoare in May 1807 when a cist containing a cremation burial, a bone pin and a small bronze dagger were found. All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 26822

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Colt Hoare, R, The Ancient History of Wiltshire: Volume I, (1812), 41

End of official listing