Bowl barrow 190m north east of Burton Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017711

Date first listed: 18-Apr-1956

Date of most recent amendment: 19-Mar-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 190m north east of Burton Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Mere

National Grid Reference: ST 82611 32576

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite surviving incompletely, the bowl barrow 170m north east of Burton Farm is a large and comparatively well preserved example of its class, and is located in an unusual low lying position. The barrow will contain archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age beliefs, economy and environment.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a large bowl barrow situated in a low lying position 190m north east of Burton Farm. The barrow has a mound, 1.7m high and originally 40m in diameter, and a ditch 4m wide from which material was excavated during the barrows construction. The ditch has become infilled over the years but will survive as a buried feature. The barrow has been truncated by a deep holloway which cuts through its southern side. All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 26866

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing