Earthwork enclosure in Penning Wood, 290m NE of Penning


Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:


Ordnance survey map of Earthwork enclosure in Penning Wood, 290m NE of Penning
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017714 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 13-Oct-2019 at 21:58:36.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
Berwick St. Leonard
National Grid Reference:
ST 92340 35938

Reasons for Designation

Enclosures provide evidence of land use, agricultural practices and habitation from the prehistoric period onward. They were constructed as stock pens, as protected areas for crop growing or for settlement and their size and function may vary considerably depending on their particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and their relationship to other monument classes, including field systems and linear boundary earthworks, provide information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices throughout the period of their use. Enclosures are central to understanding the development of the rural landscape and as such all well preserved examples are considered worthy of protection. The earthwork enclosure in Penning Wood survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landsape in which it was constructed.


The monument includes an earthwork enclosure located on a south facing slope at Penning Wood. It is one of several enclosures situated within Great Ridge, an extensive area of woodland which occupies a clay outcrop on the undulating south Wiltshire chalkland. The enclosure is approximately diamond shaped, 83m across from east to west and 71m from north to south and defines an area of 0.4ha. It is formed by a bank surrounded by a ditch, the dimensions of which vary around the circuit of the enclosure. On the north western side the bank is 4.5m wide and the ditch approximately 8m wide and 1.1m below the crest of the bank. The presence of earthwork remains of level platforms within the enclosure, which may represent the site of at least three huts or houses, suggest that the monument was an enclosed settlement, probably prehistoric in date, rather than a pastoral enclosure as has previously been suggested.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
Legacy System:


This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

Your Contributions

Do you know more about this entry?

The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure.

The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. Please see our terms and conditions. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected].