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Pair of bowl barrows on Thursley Common

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Pair of bowl barrows on Thursley Common

List entry Number: 1017718

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Surrey

District: Waverley

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Peper Harow

County: Surrey

District: Waverley

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Thursley

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 16-Jan-1998

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31381

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some subsequent disturbance, the pair of bowl barrows on Thursley Common survive well. Part excavation has confirmed that they retain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the original use of the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls into two separate areas, includes a pair of roughly east-west aligned bowl barrows situated 210m apart on the northern slope of a low, sandstone spur. The barrows lie close to the interface between the drier heathland on which they are situated and an area of low-lying peat bog to the north. Each barrow has a circular mound constructed of sand and turves, measuring around 28m in diameter and up to 2.5m high. The mounds are surrounded by approximately 2m wide ditches from which material used to construct the barrows was excavated. These have become largely infilled over the years, but are represented by a shallow depression visible on the northern side of the eastern barrow. Both barrows show signs of later disturbance mainly caused by the intensive use of Thursley Common for army training during and after World War II. The barrows were partly excavated in 1959 and 1995. The 1995 investigation examined the western barrow and revealed a central, rectangular pit dug into the old land surface beneath the mound. The temporary wooden log-seat situated on the eastern barrow is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Graham, D, 'Surrey Archaeological Society Bulletin' in Thursley Common Mounds, , Vol. 298, (1995), 9-10

National Grid Reference: SU 90862 40912, SU 91069 40944

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017718 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Dec-2017 at 01:29:54.

End of official listing