This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Barrow Burn unenclosed hut circle settlement, 300m north of Yearning Crag

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Barrow Burn unenclosed hut circle settlement, 300m north of Yearning Crag

List entry Number: 1017727

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Harbottle

National Park: NORTHUMBERLAND

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 24-Feb-1998

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28565

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Unenclosed hut circle settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers. The hut circles take a variety of forms. Some are stone based and are visible as low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area. Others were timber constructions and only the shallow groove in which the timber uprights used in the wall construction stood can now be identified; this may survive as a slight earthwork feature or may be visible on aerial photographs. Some can only be identified by the artificial earthwork platforms created as level stances for the houses. The number of houses in a settlement varies between one and twelve. In areas where they were constructed on hillslopes the platforms on which the houses stood are commonly arrayed in tiers along the contour of the slope. Several settlements have been shown to be associated with organised field plots, the fields being defined by low stony banks or indicated by groups of clearance cairns. Many unenclosed settlements have been shown to date to the Bronze Age but it is also clear that they were still being constructed and used in the Early Iron Age. They provide an important contrast to the various types of enclosed and defended settlements which were also being constructed and used around the same time. Their longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities.

The unenclosed hut circle settlement by Barrow Burn is very well preserved and retains significant archaeological deposits. It will add greatly to our knowledge and understanding of Bronze Age settlement and activity in the area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of an unenclosed hut circle settlement of later prehistoric date, situated either side of a steep sike on a sheltered north west facing slope. The settlement contains the remains of at least five stone circular round houses varying in diameter from 6m to 7.5m. The hut circles, which are of orthostatic construction, stand to an average height of 0.8m. All five of the houses have a clear doorway visible in their south east or western sides. The three most easterly hut circles represent the earliest phase of the settlement which it is thought expanded through time. There are traces of low walling attached to, and in the vicinity of, some of the hut circles. This walling is interpreted as the visible remains of small yards or paddocks associated with the settlement.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Charlton, B, Fifty centuries of Peace and War, (1996), 23
Gates, A, 'Settlement in North Britain 1000BC - AD 1000' in Unenclosed Settlements in Northumberland, , Vol. 118, (1983), 124

National Grid Reference: NT 90874 03930

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017727 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 06:04:27.

End of official listing