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Bell barrow known as White Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bell barrow known as White Hill

List entry Number: 1017787

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Suffolk

District: Forest Heath

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Brandon

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 01-Dec-1998

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31084

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They occur either in isolation or in round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows (particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance.

The bell barrow known as White Hill is of extraordinary size, although the features which it displays are characteristic of bell barrows in all other respects, and it remains an impressive monument. The cutting of the ride through the upper part of the mound affects only a small part of the monument as a whole, which will retain archaeological information concerning its construction and the manner and duration of its use. Evidence for the local environment prior to and during that time will also be preserved in soils buried beneath the mound and in the fill of the ditch. The proximity of the barrow to a number of other barrows in this part of the Breckland region give it additional interest. Together these barrows give some evidence of the character, development and density of the prehistoric population in this area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the bell barrow known as White Hill, which is situated on a gentle WSW facing slope towards the north west corner of Brandon Park. The barrow is visible as a large oval earthen mound, which stands to a height of approximately 3m. It measures about 75m north east-south west by 57m north west-south east, and is surrounded by a berm up to 22m wide and a ditch. The ditch, from which earth was dug and used in the construction of the mound, has become partly infilled but is marked by a hollow up to 22m wide and 1m deep. The barrow, including the berm and the ditch, measures approximately 147m north east-south west by 136m north west-south east. A forest ride crosses the barrow in a north west-south east direction and has cut into the mound to a depth of 2m. The surface of the ride is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Title: Brandon Tithe Map and Apportionment Source Date: 1838 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Suffolk Record Office T125/1.2
Title: Ordnance Survey 6" Source Date: 1891 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Suffolk Record Office

National Grid Reference: TL 77162 84984

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017787 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 10:33:20.

End of official listing