Bell barrow known as White Hill


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017787

Date first listed: 01-Dec-1998


Ordnance survey map of Bell barrow known as White Hill
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This copy shows the entry on 10-Dec-2018 at 23:50:20.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Suffolk

District: Forest Heath (District Authority)

Parish: Brandon

National Grid Reference: TL 77162 84984


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They occur either in isolation or in round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows (particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance.

The bell barrow known as White Hill is of extraordinary size, although the features which it displays are characteristic of bell barrows in all other respects, and it remains an impressive monument. The cutting of the ride through the upper part of the mound affects only a small part of the monument as a whole, which will retain archaeological information concerning its construction and the manner and duration of its use. Evidence for the local environment prior to and during that time will also be preserved in soils buried beneath the mound and in the fill of the ditch. The proximity of the barrow to a number of other barrows in this part of the Breckland region give it additional interest. Together these barrows give some evidence of the character, development and density of the prehistoric population in this area.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the bell barrow known as White Hill, which is situated on a gentle WSW facing slope towards the north west corner of Brandon Park. The barrow is visible as a large oval earthen mound, which stands to a height of approximately 3m. It measures about 75m north east-south west by 57m north west-south east, and is surrounded by a berm up to 22m wide and a ditch. The ditch, from which earth was dug and used in the construction of the mound, has become partly infilled but is marked by a hollow up to 22m wide and 1m deep. The barrow, including the berm and the ditch, measures approximately 147m north east-south west by 136m north west-south east. A forest ride crosses the barrow in a north west-south east direction and has cut into the mound to a depth of 2m. The surface of the ride is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31084

Legacy System: RSM


Title: Brandon Tithe Map and Apportionment Source Date: 1838 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Suffolk Record Office T125/1.2
Title: Ordnance Survey 6" Source Date: 1891 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Suffolk Record Office

End of official listing