This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Bowl barrow known as How Hill, east of Heronfield Belt

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow known as How Hill, east of Heronfield Belt

List entry Number: 1017795

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Suffolk

District: Forest Heath

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Icklingham

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 04-Feb-1953

Date of most recent amendment: 23-Feb-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31094

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow, known as How Hill survives well and is a prominent landmark. Although there is evidence for an unrecorded antiquarian excavation, the area of disturbance is small in relation to the monument as a whole which will retain archaeological information concerning its construction and the manner and duration of its use. Evidence for the local environment prior to and during that time will also be preserved in soils buried beneath the mound and in the fills of the buried ditch. The proximity of the barrow to a number of other barrows in this part of the Breckland region, in particular the Icklingham barrow cemetery which lies approximately 2km to the south east, give it additional interest. The majority of these barrows are sited on land which was in the past, and in many cases still is, heathland and warren. Together these barrows give some evidence of the character, development and density of the prehistoric population in this area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow and is situated on a west facing slope immediately to the north of the A11 trunk road. The barrow is visible as an earthen mound, standing to a height of approximately 2.6m with a maximum diameter of 35m. A hollow on the eastern side of the mound, measuring about 10m wide at the base by 5m wide at the top and approximately 1m deep, is thought to be the result of an unrecorded antiquarian excavation. A letter from W G Clarke to Cyril Fox, dated 1923, states that `a cinerary urn has been found there and broken up'. It is thought that the mound is encircled by a ditch from which earth was quarried during the construction of the barrow, and although this has now become completely infilled and is no longer visible, it will survive as a buried feature 3m wide. The fence on the south side of the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Fox, C, Archaeology of the Cambridge Region, (1923)
Briscoe, G, 'Proceedings of the Cambridge Archaeological Society' in Bronze Age Burials at How Hill Icklingham, , Vol. 48, (1955)

National Grid Reference: TL 75985 76268

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017795 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2017 at 09:36:10.

End of official listing