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Gallow Howe cairnfield, 270m east of Ivy Hall

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Gallow Howe cairnfield, 270m east of Ivy Hall

List entry Number: 1017830

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Danby

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Westerdale

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 03-Nov-1970

Date of most recent amendment: 29-Apr-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 30139

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Cairnfields are concentrations of cairns sited in close proximity to one another. They often consist largely of clearance cairns, built with stone cleared from the surrounding landsurface to improve its use for agriculture, and on occasion their distribution pattern can be seen to define field plots. However, funerary cairns are also frequently incorporated, although without excavation it may be impossible to determine which cairns contain burials. Clearance cairns were constructed from the Neolithic period (from c.3400 BC), although the majority of examples appear to be the result of field clearance which began during the earlier Bronze Age and continued into the later Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). The considerable longevity and variation in the size, content and associations of cairnfields provide important information on the development of land use and agricultural practices. Cairnfields also retain information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation during the prehistoric period.

Gallow Howe cairnfield is a surviving remnant of the prehistoric field system which is believed to have originally covered much of Castleton Rigg. The cairns will overlie and preserve prehistoric soil horizons which will provide information about the local environment. The monument's importance is heightened by the survival of another group of cairns and larger burial mounds downhill and 650m to the west. This group, north of Carr House, is the subject of a separate scheduling.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of a prehistoric cairnfield, located on Castleton Rigg, just west of the Castleton to Hutton-Le-Hole road. Gallow Howe cairnfield includes a scatter of at least nine grassed over cairns up to 0.5m high and 7m in diameter, two of which are marked as tumuli (burial mounds) on Ordnance Survey maps. The whole group lies to the east of and above a small stone quarry, and is centred about 100m SSW of the site of Gallow Howe round barrow, excavated in the 19th century. The northern of the two cairns marked as tumuli is 7m by 5m rising to 0.5m high at its southern end. About 25m to its west there are a pair of low mounds 9m apart, both about 3m in diameter and 0.3m high, and a further 20m WSW, just east of the northern edge of the quarry, there is a 6m diameter crescent shaped cairn which faces northwards. The southern cairn marked by the Ordnance Survey is round, but smaller, 4m in diameter and 0.3m high. A lower mound, 2m in diameter, lies 10m to the south west. Just north east of a boundary stone to the south of this pair of cairns there is a circular mound 5m in diameter and 0.4m high. Just east of the top of the quarry, about 25m west of this circular cairn, there is an elongated, irregular cairn 5m long, rising to 0.5m high. A further slight circular mound 2m in diameter lies between this irregular cairn and the boundary stone to the east.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Other
Walkover survey record in NP SMR, White, R, (1989)

National Grid Reference: NZ 68088 07371

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017830 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Sep-2018 at 12:00:15.

End of official listing