Compton Farm Romano-British and Early Medieval occupation sites and associated cultivation earthworks
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 13-Oct-2019 at 21:20:45.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SU 12320 52078, SU 12768 51791, SU 12881 52107
Reasons for Designation
The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland
archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury
Plain, particularly in those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain
Training Area. These remains represent one of the few extant
archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are considered to be of
special significance because they differ in character from those in
other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on
Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the
evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well.
Romano-British settlements related to surviving field systems are rare nationally. Well preserved field systems provide important evidence for agricultural practices and the pattern of land tenure. The significance of the monument is considerably enhanced by the evidence for Saxon occupation of the site.
A Romano-British occupation site and associated system of lynchets. The
cultivation earthworks survive in three discrete areas. There is some
evidence of early medieval activity in the area of Romano-British occupation.
The monument includes: -
1 - an occupation site located in a pipe trench and yielding Romano-British
artefacts datable to the C1st-C4th AD. Middle Saxon pottery was also retrieved
from the trench.
2 - a complex of strip lynchets surviving in three discrete areas on the north
and south-facing sides of a dry valley.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing