Lidbury Camp, associated trackways and bowl barrow, on Littlecott Down

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1017864
Date first listed:
12-Feb-1990

Map

Ordnance survey map of Lidbury Camp, associated trackways and bowl barrow, on Littlecott Down
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Enford
National Grid Reference:
SU 16704 53131

Reasons for Designation

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain, particularly in those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain Training Area. These remains represent one of the few extant archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from those in other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well.

The Lidbury Camp enclosure and its associated trackway provide important evidence of land use and agricultural practices in the prehistoric, Romano-British and medieval periods. The enclosures in the Salisbury Plain Training Area belong to one of the most important and best preserved fossil landscapes in southern Britain. The presence of these remains and their relationship with extensive field systems arid settlement complexes, are of critical importance to understanding the character and development of Downland agriculture. The importance of the monument is considerably enhanced by the inclusion of a prehistoric funerary monument considered to be nationally important in its own right.

Details

The monument comprises a possible barrow together with Iron Age and Romano- British occupation associated with Lidbury Camp and its related trackways. 1 - A trackway with the bank c.1.5m high. It is south-east of Lidbury Camp and is joined to a similar feature that is connected to Lidbury Camp. 2 - A length of trackway associated with Lidbury Camp. For much of its course it is ploughed out but in the penned area it can be seen as a bank from 0.2m up to 1m high. 3 - A trackway c.8m wide and up to 0.5m high. It is associated with Lidbury Camp and is thought to originally have joined a trackway associated with Chisenbury Warren settlement. 4 - A bowl barrow c.20m diameter. It appears to be joined by a spur to the outer bank of Lidbury Camp and does not immediately look like a barrow. 5 - A sub-square enclosure up to 90m across. The earthworks are fairly slight with ditches extending east and south-west. Excavation in 1914 of an entrance identified two phases of occupation and produced Iron Age and Romano-British material.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
10043
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Other
Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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