Lidbury Camp, associated trackways and bowl barrow, on Littlecott Down
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 25-May-2019 at 16:56:27.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SU 16704 53131
Reasons for Designation
The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland
archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury
Plain, particularly in those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain
Training Area. These remains represent one of the few extant
archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are considered to be of
special significance because they differ in character from those in
other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on
Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the
evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well.
The Lidbury Camp enclosure and its associated trackway provide important evidence of land use and agricultural practices in the prehistoric, Romano-British and medieval periods. The enclosures in the Salisbury Plain Training Area belong to one of the most important and best preserved fossil landscapes in southern Britain. The presence of these remains and their relationship with extensive field systems arid settlement complexes, are of critical importance to understanding the character and development of Downland agriculture. The importance of the monument is considerably enhanced by the inclusion of a prehistoric funerary monument considered to be nationally important in its own right.
The monument comprises a possible barrow together with Iron Age and Romano-
British occupation associated with Lidbury Camp and its related trackways.
1 - A trackway with the bank c.1.5m high. It is south-east of Lidbury Camp and
is joined to a similar feature that is connected to Lidbury Camp.
2 - A length of trackway associated with Lidbury Camp. For much of its course
it is ploughed out but in the penned area it can be seen as a bank from 0.2m
up to 1m high.
3 - A trackway c.8m wide and up to 0.5m high. It is associated with Lidbury
Camp and is thought to originally have joined a trackway associated with
Chisenbury Warren settlement.
4 - A bowl barrow c.20m diameter. It appears to be joined by a spur to the
outer bank of Lidbury Camp and does not immediately look like a barrow.
5 - A sub-square enclosure up to 90m across. The earthworks are fairly slight
with ditches extending east and south-west. Excavation in 1914 of an entrance
identified two phases of occupation and produced Iron Age and Romano-British
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing