A cairn cemetery on Long Ridge


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017868

Date first listed: 19-Mar-1998


Ordnance survey map of A cairn cemetery on Long Ridge
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Gidleigh

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 64304 86301, SX 64352 85934, SX 64384 86237, SX 64388 86116, SX 64527 85920


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south- western Britain.

The cairn cemetery on Long Ridge survives well and contains archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. It provides a valuable insight into Bronze Age funerary and ritual activity as well as territorial control on the Moor.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument, which falls into five areas, includes eight round cairns and a cist situated on Long Ridge, locally known as Langridge, overlooking the valley of the River North Teign. These mounds form a cairn cemetery situated between two broadly contemporary stone hut circle settlements. Six of the mounds are circular in shape, vary in diameter between 4.1m and 6m and stand between 0.5m and 0.7m high. The remaining two mounds are oval and the largest of these measures 6m long by 4m wide and stands up 0.7m high. One cairn contains a cist which measures 0.83m square by up to 0.47m deep. The capstone, which once covered the cist, now lies 0.7m NNW of the cist. At least three of the cairns are partly surrounded by edge set stones indicating the presence of kerbs.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28664

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991)
MPP Fieldwork by S.Gerrard, Gerrard, S., (1997)
Probert, S.A.J., SX68NE15, (1991)
Probert, S.A.J., SX68NW14, (1991)
Probert, S.A.J., SX68NW15, (1991)
Probert, S.A.J., SX68NW64, (1991)
Probert, S.A.J., SX68NW65, (1991)

End of official listing