Round cairn 250m south east of Winter Tor

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017873

Date first listed: 19-Jan-1962

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Mar-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 250m south east of Winter Tor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Dartmoor Forest

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 61102 91335

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south- western Britain.

The round cairn 250m south east of Winter Tor survives well and is known from part excavation to contain archaeological information relating to its construction and use. Given its prominent location, this cairn must have also been a significant landmark form the later prehistoric period onwards.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round cairn situated on the ridge between Higher Tor and Oke Tor overlooking the valleys of the East Okement and Taw Rivers. The cairn survives as a 9m diameter mound standing up to 0.9m high. A number of edge set stones on the western side of the mound may indicate the presence of a kerb which survives elsewhere as a buried feature. The mound material extends 1.4m beyond the outer edge of the kerb. A hollow in the centre of the cairn represents the site of a partial early excavation, which recovered a few fragments of burnt bone. Two large stones sitting within the central pit may be the remnants of a broken cist coverstone.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28670

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX69SW14, (1994)

End of official listing