Bell barrow on Teglease Down

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017890

Date first listed: 17-Jan-1961

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Jun-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bell barrow on Teglease Down
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017890 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 21-Oct-2018 at 00:08:02.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Winchester (District Authority)

Parish: Hambledon

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: SU 66133 19555

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They occur either in isolation or in round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows (particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance.

The bell barrow on Teglease Down survives well despite some disturbance by subequent ploughing and is likely to retain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to its use and the landscape in which it was constructed. This is the only extant barrow of an original group of four.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bell barrow constructed on gently sloping ground on a broad chalk spur at the north east margin of Teglease Down. The monument is roughly circular and includes a central mound, approximately 1.2m high, surrounded by a flat or gently sloping berm, 1m-2m wide, which has been partly levelled where the barrow has been disturbed by ploughing on the north east side. The average diameter of the mound and berm is about 21m. A ditch approximately 1.5m wide and 0.15m deep survives as an infilled feature on the north west side, further unsurveyable traces of which surround the barrow mound. The barrow is slightly flattened on top, a report of 1979 recording an exposed stony core.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31154

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14, (1940), 358
Other
AM description, Simms, R, AM7, (1960)

End of official listing