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Ring ditch on Blackheath Down 650m south west of North Allenford Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Ring ditch on Blackheath Down 650m south west of North Allenford Farm

List entry Number: 1017901

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: New Forest

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Damerham

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 18-Mar-1998

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31161

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The ring ditch representing a levelled bowl barrow on Blackheath Down survives despite later disturbance and can be expected to retain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to its original construction and subsequent use. Much of the adjacent archaeological remains on Blackheath Down and the surrounding area, including Martin Down and Tidpit Common Down, are preserved as earthworks or crop-marks of numerous classes of monument of Bronze Age and later date. These were the subject of a detailed survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. The close association of these remains, representing settlement, land-use and burial, will provide a detailed understanding of the nature and development of the use of this area in the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a ring ditch, being the levelled remains of a bowl barrow, located between Soldier's Ring enclosure and Damerham Iron Age/Romano- British settlement on Blackheath Down, 600m south west of the Allen River. It lies on gently sloping ground 200m east of the crest of the down, at the junction of four later Celtic lynchets. The ring ditch is clearly visible in a 1971 aerial photograph as soil marks indicating a circular or slightly oval quarry ditch, approximately 5m wide and 25m in diameter, surrounded by an outer bank, about 7m wide. Now in an area of cultivation and almost levelled by ploughing, traces of the bank and ditch survive as discontinuous earthwork features up to 0.15m high and 0.1m deep respectively. The remainder will survive as buried remains.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Bowen, H C, Eagles, B N (ed), The archaeology of Bokerley Dyke, (1990), 53
Other
Bowen, H C, Air Photography And The Development Of The Landscape , Aerial Reconnaissance for Archaeology, (1975)

National Grid Reference: SU 07919 17704

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017901 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 02:07:33.

End of official listing