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Hilltop enclosure 100m north east of Castle Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Hilltop enclosure 100m north east of Castle Farm

List entry Number: 1017968

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Stowford

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 23-Oct-1998

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 30330

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Slight univallate hillforts are defined as enclosures of various shapes, generally between 1ha and 10ha in size, situated on or close to hilltops and defined by a single line of earthworks, the scale of which is relatively small. They date to between the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age (eighth - fifth centuries BC), the majority being used for 150 to 200 years prior to their abandonment or reconstruction. Slight univallate hillforts have generally been interpreted as stock enclosures, redistribution centres, places of refuge and permanent settlements. The earthworks generally include a rampart, narrow level berm, external ditch and counterscarp bank, while access to the interior is usually provided by two entrances comprising either simple gaps in the earthwork or an inturned rampart. Postholes revealed by excavation indicate the occasional presence of portal gateways while more elaborate features like overlapping ramparts and outworks are limited to only a few examples. Internal features included timber or stone round houses; large storage pits and hearths; scattered postholes, stakeholes and gullies; and square or rectangular buildings supported by four to six posts, often represented by postholes, and interpreted as raised granaries. Slight univallate hillforts are rare with around 150 examples recorded nationally. Although on a national scale the number is low, in Devon they comprise one of the major classes of hillfort. In other areas where the distribution is relatively dense, for example, Wessex, Sussex, the Cotswolds and the Chilterns, hillforts belonging to a number of different classes occur within the same region. Examples are also recorded in eastern England, the Welsh Marches, central and southern England. In view of the rarity of slight univallate hillforts and their importance in understanding the transition between Bronze Age and Iron Age communities, all examples which survive comparatively well and have potential for the recovery of further archaeological remains are believed to be of national importance.

Despite limited damage as a result of small scale quarrying, the hilltop enclosure 100m north east of Castle Farm survives well and contains archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument, its location and the landscape in which it functioned. It has been suggested that this earthwork represents the site of the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Hlidan.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a hilltop enclosure located on a high ridge above the confluence of the Rivers Wolf, Thrushel and Lyd. It commands a high and prominent location with wide local views. The monument survives as an oval enclosure marked by a rampart. It is aligned from north east to south west and its interior measures 86.6m long by 48.2m wide. The rampart measures from 5.9m up to 12m wide and is a maximum of 1.9m high. The outer ditch surrounding the rampart is evident on the eastern side where it is 6.8m wide and up to 0.3m deep; elsewhere it survives as a buried feature. A field boundary bisects the site from north to south and there is a height difference in the land surface of up to 1.8m. A further field boundary curves around the site to the north and overlies the outer ditch, fossilising the shape of the enclosure and incorporating the rampart into the field boundary on the north eastern quadrant. A series of three stone quarries of varying size have also cut into the surface of the enclosure; two lie on the eastern half and the third on the north western edge. The field boundary which crosses the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Hill, D., Lifton, Devon : Excavation and Study Weeks etc., 1997, Unpublished
MPP fieldwork by H. Gerrard, Gerrard, H., (1997)

National Grid Reference: SX 40398 85491

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017968 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 14-Dec-2017 at 08:55:31.

End of official listing