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Two bowl barrows 690m and 760m south west of Leworthy

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two bowl barrows 690m and 760m south west of Leworthy

List entry Number: 1017974

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Clawton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 26-Jan-1971

Date of most recent amendment: 29-Sep-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 30336

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two bowl barrows 690m and 760m south west of Leworthy survive comparatively well and form part of a cluster of large mounds. Archaeological and environmental information survives within these barrows and together they provide evidence for territorial control and land use in this part of Devon.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument, which falls into two areas, includes two bowl barrows aligned north-south and situated on a high upland ridge known as Affaland Moor. These two barrows form part of a group of eight barrows spread along the ridge. The northernmost barrow of the two survives as a 0.2m high circular mound with a diameter of 25m. This mound was slightly damaged by the construction of a military building, which has subsequently been removed. The second barrow lies to the south west, measures 25m in diameter and is 1.2m high. Both mounds are surrounded by separate ditches from which material to construct the barrows was derived. These are preserved as buried features 2.5m wide. A boundary bank crossing the north side of the northern barrow is excluded from the scheduling, but the ground below is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS30SW16, (1983)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS30SW17, (1983)

National Grid Reference: SS 31567 00759, SS 31615 00837

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017974 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 16-Dec-2017 at 07:24:15.

End of official listing