Two bowl barrows 690m and 760m south west of Leworthy

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017974

Date first listed: 26-Jan-1971

Date of most recent amendment: 29-Sep-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows 690m and 760m south west of Leworthy
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge (District Authority)

Parish: Clawton

National Grid Reference: SS 31567 00759, SS 31615 00837

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two bowl barrows 690m and 760m south west of Leworthy survive comparatively well and form part of a cluster of large mounds. Archaeological and environmental information survives within these barrows and together they provide evidence for territorial control and land use in this part of Devon.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument, which falls into two areas, includes two bowl barrows aligned north-south and situated on a high upland ridge known as Affaland Moor. These two barrows form part of a group of eight barrows spread along the ridge. The northernmost barrow of the two survives as a 0.2m high circular mound with a diameter of 25m. This mound was slightly damaged by the construction of a military building, which has subsequently been removed. The second barrow lies to the south west, measures 25m in diameter and is 1.2m high. Both mounds are surrounded by separate ditches from which material to construct the barrows was derived. These are preserved as buried features 2.5m wide. A boundary bank crossing the north side of the northern barrow is excluded from the scheduling, but the ground below is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 30336

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS30SW16, (1983)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS30SW17, (1983)

End of official listing