Unenclosed stone hut circle settlement on Tom's Hill, 870m north west of Sandeman Bridge

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017985

Date first listed: 16-Jun-1976

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Jul-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Unenclosed stone hut circle settlement on Tom's Hill, 870m north west of Sandeman Bridge
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017985 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 23-Oct-2018 at 19:01:37.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Dartmoor Forest

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 64975 84097

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite afforestation, the unenclosed stone hut circle settlement on Tom's Hill, 870m north west of Sandeman Bridge, survives well and contains archaeological structures, features and deposits relating to prehistoric exploitation of this area of the moor.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes six stone hut circles situated on a gentle east facing slope overlooking the valley of the South Teign River. The hut circles survive as banks each surrounding an internal circular area which varies from 8 to 28.26 square metres with the average being 15.72 square metres. The height of the surrounding walls vary between 0.3m and 0.6m, with the average being 0.44m. Two of the huts have visible doorways and the walls are of orthostatic or rubble bank construction.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28673

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SE11,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SW4,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SW5.1,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SW5.2,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SW5.3,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SW5.4,

End of official listing