This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Two bowl barrows on Colaton Raleigh Common, 500m north and 780m north east of Woodbury Castle

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two bowl barrows on Colaton Raleigh Common, 500m north and 780m north east of Woodbury Castle

List entry Number: 1018053

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: East Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Woodbury

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Aug-1923

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Sep-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 29654

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two bowl barrows on Colaton Raleigh Common either side of the B3180 survive well as distinct and high mounds in association with a number of other recorded barrows in the vicinity. Both barrows will retain archaeological information about their construction and the region in which they were set, and both have evidence for their modification as part of landscaping work in the post-medieval period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls into two separate areas, includes two Bronze Age bowl barrows aligned broadly east-west and situated about 500m apart on Colaton Raleigh Common on either side of the B3180. Both barrows lie on the crest of a ridge which falls away sharply to the west and both have commanding views in that direction. The eastern barrow, 780m NNE of Woodbury Castle, is 3.5m high with a diameter of 21.7m; it has an encircling ditch 2.2m wide which is partly obscured on the western side by a later bank. The western barrow, 500m north of Woodbury Castle, has a height of 4m and a diameter of 31m. It too has an encircling ditch, in this case 3.7m wide. An old gravel pit lies close to this barrow on its south western side. Both barrows are further enclosed by substantial banks and ditches, the bank surrounding the eastern barrow flanking a road and partly overlying the barrow's associated ditch; these features are considered to be landscaping additions dating from the late 18th or early 19th centuries.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Brighouse, U W, Woodbury: A View from the Beacon, (1981), 40-1
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society' in The Barrows of South and East Devon, , Vol. 41, (1983), 45
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society' in The Barrows of South and East Devon, , Vol. 41, (1983), 45
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society' in The Barrows of South and East Devon, , Vol. 41, (1983), 45
Watkin, H R, 'Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries' in Woodbury Castle, Virbegna, , Vol. 15, (1929), 156-57
Other
Probert, S A J, RCHME Field Investigation, (1990)
Probert, S A J, RCHME Field Investigation, (1990)
Quinnell, Ordnance Survey Survey, (1983)

National Grid Reference: SY 03254 87861, SY 03743 87980

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018053 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 14-Dec-2017 at 06:59:03.

End of official listing