Long barrow 800m north east of Oldwalls Farm
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 13-Nov-2019 at 18:04:20.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Cotswold (District Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SP 12011 10424
Reasons for Designation
Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of
long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded
nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as
earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and
their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be
Despite erosion caused by cultivation, the long barrow 800m north east of Oldwalls Farm will contain archaeological remains providing information about Neolithic beliefs, economy and environment.
The monument includes a long barrow situated on the edge of a slight spur
with the ground sloping away to the north and east. The long barrow has a
mound 56m long, orientated ESE-WNW, and has a maximum width of 36m. It has
a maximum height of 1.2m at the east end and slopes gently down towards the
west. The mound has been considerably rounded by cultivation but in a 1947
aerial photograph appears trapezoidal in plan, with the wider end at the
Although no longer visible on the surface, quarry ditches will flank either
side of the mound and will survive as buried features 3m wide.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing