Lineover long barrow, 530m south west of Castle Barn Farm
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 26-Oct-2020 at 12:38:58.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Cotswold (District Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SO 99226 18566
Reasons for Designation
Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of
long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded
nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as
earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and
their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be
Despite disturbance from early excavation and erosion from cultivation, the Lineover long barrow, 500m south west of Castle Barn Farm, will contain archaeological remains providing information about Neolithic beliefs, economy and environment.
The monument includes a long barrow situated immediately below a crest on the
north eastern edge of the Cotswolds, on level ground which falls sharply away
to the north. The barrow mound, which is orientated east-west, has been
reduced by cultivation. The western part survives as a slight rise, 0.3m
high, in the ploughsoil but reaches a maximum height of 1.8m, at the eastern
end. A circular depression in this end of the mound is probably the result of
an unrecorded antiquarian excavation. Although no longer visible on the
surface, side ditches will flank either side of the mound and will survive as
buried features 3m wide.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing