Long barrow on Adlestrop Hill


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018169

Date first listed: 25-Feb-1948

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Jul-1998


Ordnance survey map of Long barrow on Adlestrop Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018169 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 23-Jan-2019 at 13:32:34.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Cotswold (District Authority)

Parish: Adlestrop

National Grid Reference: SP 25366 28276


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The long barrow on Adlestrop Hill is an unusual example of its class of monument and, despite some erosion from cultivation, it is known from partial excavation to contain archaeological remains providing information about Neolithic beliefs, economy and environment.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a long barrow, lying on a gentle south west facing slope below the crest of Adlestrop Hill. The barrow has an oval mound 26m long, orientated WSW-ENE, with a maximum width of 16m, although it now appears wider due to plough distortion. It reaches a maximum height of 0.8m at the uphill, eastern end and 1.5m at the downhill, western end. Traces of a quarry ditch are still visible around the western end of the mound and will survive in buried form, 4m wide, around the rest of the mound. At the east end of the mound the tops of three upright stone slabs that formed sides of a burial chamber are still visible. The barrow was partially excavated in 1935 and 1936 and then again, by Helen Donovan, in 1938. The excavations revealed the sub-rectangular burial chamber at the eastern end together with the fragmented remains of seven or eight inhumations. Professor Darvill has suggested that the barrow, in common with other Cotswold-Severn tombs, formerly possessed a forecourt at its eastern end. To the east of the barrow and extending for approximately 400m north west-south east are several large, grass covered, stone clearance heaps. These are not included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31182

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Darvill, T C, 'Vorda Research Series' in The Megalithic Chambered Tombs of the Cotswold-Severn Region, , Vol. 5, (1982), 9, 113

End of official listing