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Long barrow on Adlestrop Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Long barrow on Adlestrop Hill

List entry Number: 1018169

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Cotswold

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Adlestrop

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 25-Feb-1948

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Jul-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31182

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The long barrow on Adlestrop Hill is an unusual example of its class of monument and, despite some erosion from cultivation, it is known from partial excavation to contain archaeological remains providing information about Neolithic beliefs, economy and environment.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a long barrow, lying on a gentle south west facing slope below the crest of Adlestrop Hill. The barrow has an oval mound 26m long, orientated WSW-ENE, with a maximum width of 16m, although it now appears wider due to plough distortion. It reaches a maximum height of 0.8m at the uphill, eastern end and 1.5m at the downhill, western end. Traces of a quarry ditch are still visible around the western end of the mound and will survive in buried form, 4m wide, around the rest of the mound. At the east end of the mound the tops of three upright stone slabs that formed sides of a burial chamber are still visible. The barrow was partially excavated in 1935 and 1936 and then again, by Helen Donovan, in 1938. The excavations revealed the sub-rectangular burial chamber at the eastern end together with the fragmented remains of seven or eight inhumations. Professor Darvill has suggested that the barrow, in common with other Cotswold-Severn tombs, formerly possessed a forecourt at its eastern end. To the east of the barrow and extending for approximately 400m north west-south east are several large, grass covered, stone clearance heaps. These are not included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Darvill, T C, 'Vorda Research Series' in The Megalithic Chambered Tombs of the Cotswold-Severn Region, , Vol. 5, (1982), 9, 113

National Grid Reference: SP 25366 28276

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018169 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 27-Apr-2018 at 04:06:27.

End of official listing