Two bowl barrows on Mount Ararat, 865m and 910m north east of Stephen's Castle

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018183

Date first listed: 04-Feb-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows on Mount Ararat, 865m and 910m north east of Stephen's Castle
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: East Dorset (District Authority)

Parish: Verwood

National Grid Reference: SU 09698 10360, SU 09736 10388

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two bowl barrows on Mount Ararat, 865m and 910m north east of Stephen's Castle survive well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls into two areas, includes two bowl barrows aligned north east by south west, situated on Mount Ararat, on the south eastern edge of a plateau overlooking the Sleep Brook. The barrows were recorded by L V Grinsell in 1959 and by the Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England in 1975. Each has a mound composed of sand, earth and turf, with maximum dimensions of 10m in diameter and between about 0.75m to about 0.9m in height. Surrounding each mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. The ditches have each become infilled over the years, but each will survive as a buried feature 1m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31903

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
An Inventory of the Historical monuments of Dorset: Volume V, (1975), 74
Grinsell, L V, 'Procs Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Soc.' in Dorset Barrows, (1959), 139

End of official listing