Late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as Catstones Ring on Catstones Hill


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018240

Date first listed: 16-Apr-1963

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Jul-1998


Ordnance survey map of Late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as Catstones Ring on Catstones Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2018 at 05:08:44.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Bradford (Metropolitan Authority)

Parish: Cullingworth

National Grid Reference: SE 06806 38145


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The Pennine uplands of northern England contain a wide variety of prehistoric remains, including cairns, enclosures, carved rocks, settlements and field systems. These are evidence of the widespread exploitation of these uplands throughout later prehistory. During the last millennium BC a variety of different types of enclosed settlements developed. These include hillforts, which have substantial earthworks and are usually located on hilltops. Other types of enclosed settlement of this period are less obviously defensive, as they have less substantial earthworks and are usually in less prominent positions. In the Pennines a number of late prehistoric enclosed settlements survive as upstanding monuments. Where upstanding earthworks survive, the settlements are between 0.4ha and 10ha in area, and are usually located on ridges or hillside terraces. The enclosing earthworks are usually slight, most consisting of a ditch with an internal bank, or with an internal and external bank, but examples with an internal ditch and with no ditch are known. They are sub-circular, sub-rectangular, or oval in shape. Few of these enclosed settlements have been subject to systematic excavation, but they are thought to date from between the Late Bronze Age to the Romano-British period (c.1000 BC-AD 400). Examples which have been excavated have presented evidence of settlement. Some appear to have developed from earlier palisaded enclosures. Unexcavated examples occasionally have levelled areas which may have contained buildings, but a proportion may have functioned primarily as stock enclosures. Enclosed settlements are a distinctive feature of the late prehistory of the Pennine uplands, and are important in illustrating the variety of enclosed settlement types which developed in many areas of Britain at this time. Examples where a substantial proportion of the enclosed settlement survives are considered to be nationally important.

Catstones Ring late prehistoric enclosed settlement survives well, and contributes to the body of knowledge relating to late prehistoric settlement and land use in northern England.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as Catstones Ring, situated on the south west flank of Catstones Hill. The enclosure is subrectangular, about 300m long and 225m wide. It comprises a bank with an external ditch. The bank is typically 3m wide and 0.5m high. The ditch is about 3m wide and up to 0.5m deep. For most of their length, the bank and ditch are on heather moorland and are sharply defined, but at its north west corner, the enclosure extends into pasture fields. Here the bank is more spread, becoming approximately 6m wide and 0.1m high. The ditch is about 3m wide and 0.5m deep. The ditch here may have been enhanced in recent times for drainage or water collection. A stone- built well or tank has been inserted in the ditch. As the bank and ditch turn south at the north west corner of the enclosure, there is an additional bank 9m wide outside the ditch. The banks and ditch are poorly defined at this point. On the south side, the enclosure bank and ditch are interrupted by Catstones Quarry, but are visible at each side of the quarry. On the west side of the quarry is a large field which was formerly allotments. The allotment boundaries are clearly visible, but most of the west side and part of the south edge of the enclosure have been destroyed. The interior of the enclosure is subdivided by a low bank which runs to the quarry, from the point where a public footpath crosses the east edge of the enclosure. The monument is crossed by a wall dividing the heather moor from the pasture fields. A Roman road runs north-south less than 100m west of this earthwork. An excavation of 1962 produced few datable finds. Despite this, the form of the site and comparison with similar sites nearby confirms its date and likely function. The wall which crosses the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31490

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing