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Late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as the Old Bull Ring 500m north of Meal Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as the Old Bull Ring 500m north of Meal Hill

List entry Number: 1018256

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Kirklees

District Type: Metropolitan Authority

Parish: Holme Valley

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 16-Nov-1998

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31495

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The Pennine uplands of northern England contain a wide variety of prehistoric remains, including cairns, enclosures, carved rocks, settlements and field systems. These are evidence of the widespread exploitation of these uplands throughout later prehistory. During the last millennium BC a variety of different types of enclosed settlements developed. These include hillforts, which have substantial earthworks and are usually located on hilltops. Other types of enclosed settlement of this period are less obviously defensive, as they have less substantial earthworks and are usually in less prominent positions. In the Pennines a number of late prehistoric enclosed settlements survive as upstanding monuments. Where upstanding earthworks survive, the settlements are between 0.4ha and 10ha in area, and are usually located on ridges or hillside terraces. The enclosing earthworks are usually slight, most consisting of a ditch with an internal bank, or with an internal and external bank, but examples with an internal ditch and with no ditch are known. They are sub-circular, sub-rectangular, or oval in shape. Few of these enclosed settlements have been subject to systematic excavation, but they are thought to date from between the Late Bronze Age to the Romano-British period (c.1000 BC-AD 400). Examples which have been excavated have presented evidence of settlement. Some appear to have developed from earlier palisaded enclosures. Unexcavated examples occasionally have levelled areas which may have contained buildings, but a proportion may have functioned primarily as stock enclosures. Enclosed settlements are a distinctive feature of the late prehistory of the Pennine uplands, and are important in illustrating the variety of enclosed settlement types which developed in many areas of Britain at this time. Examples where a substantial proportion of the enclosed settlement survives are considered to be nationally important.

The late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as the Old Bull Ring survives well and contributes to the understanding of late prehistoric settlement and land use in northern England.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes an oval late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as the Old Bull Ring. It is situated near Holme, 500m north of Meal Hill and is approximately 70m south east of the junction between Lumbank Lane and Further End Lane. The earthwork enclosure measures 82m by 70m overall, and is bounded by a ditch with an inner and an outer bank. The enclosure ditch is about 5m wide and 0.2m deep. The inner bank is barely discernible, but can be seen to reach a maximum of approximately 0.2m high and 6m wide. The outer bank is more substantial and reaches a height of about 0.3m and a width of approximately 7m. The enclosure is bisected by a field wall, a ditch and a fence which run south west to north east, a little west of the centre. The enclosure is less well-preserved to the south east of this boundary, as this field is regularly ploughed. The wall and fence which cross the monument are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SE 10513 06705

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 02:17:52.

End of official listing