Late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as the Old Bull Ring 500m north of Meal Hill


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018256

Date first listed: 16-Nov-1998


Ordnance survey map of Late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as the Old Bull Ring 500m north of Meal Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018256 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2018 at 02:43:17.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Kirklees (Metropolitan Authority)

Parish: Holme Valley

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

National Grid Reference: SE 10513 06705


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The Pennine uplands of northern England contain a wide variety of prehistoric remains, including cairns, enclosures, carved rocks, settlements and field systems. These are evidence of the widespread exploitation of these uplands throughout later prehistory. During the last millennium BC a variety of different types of enclosed settlements developed. These include hillforts, which have substantial earthworks and are usually located on hilltops. Other types of enclosed settlement of this period are less obviously defensive, as they have less substantial earthworks and are usually in less prominent positions. In the Pennines a number of late prehistoric enclosed settlements survive as upstanding monuments. Where upstanding earthworks survive, the settlements are between 0.4ha and 10ha in area, and are usually located on ridges or hillside terraces. The enclosing earthworks are usually slight, most consisting of a ditch with an internal bank, or with an internal and external bank, but examples with an internal ditch and with no ditch are known. They are sub-circular, sub-rectangular, or oval in shape. Few of these enclosed settlements have been subject to systematic excavation, but they are thought to date from between the Late Bronze Age to the Romano-British period (c.1000 BC-AD 400). Examples which have been excavated have presented evidence of settlement. Some appear to have developed from earlier palisaded enclosures. Unexcavated examples occasionally have levelled areas which may have contained buildings, but a proportion may have functioned primarily as stock enclosures. Enclosed settlements are a distinctive feature of the late prehistory of the Pennine uplands, and are important in illustrating the variety of enclosed settlement types which developed in many areas of Britain at this time. Examples where a substantial proportion of the enclosed settlement survives are considered to be nationally important.

The late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as the Old Bull Ring survives well and contributes to the understanding of late prehistoric settlement and land use in northern England.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes an oval late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as the Old Bull Ring. It is situated near Holme, 500m north of Meal Hill and is approximately 70m south east of the junction between Lumbank Lane and Further End Lane. The earthwork enclosure measures 82m by 70m overall, and is bounded by a ditch with an inner and an outer bank. The enclosure ditch is about 5m wide and 0.2m deep. The inner bank is barely discernible, but can be seen to reach a maximum of approximately 0.2m high and 6m wide. The outer bank is more substantial and reaches a height of about 0.3m and a width of approximately 7m. The enclosure is bisected by a field wall, a ditch and a fence which run south west to north east, a little west of the centre. The enclosure is less well-preserved to the south east of this boundary, as this field is regularly ploughed. The wall and fence which cross the monument are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31495

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing