Late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as Round Dykes Camp on Addingham Low Moor
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 20-Sep-2019 at 10:53:14.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Bradford (Metropolitan Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SE 05518 50121
Reasons for Designation
The Pennine uplands of northern England contain a wide variety of prehistoric
remains, including cairns, enclosures, carved rocks, settlements and field
systems. These are evidence of the widespread exploitation of these uplands
throughout later prehistory. During the last millennium BC a variety of
different types of enclosed settlements developed. These include hillforts,
which have substantial earthworks and are usually located on hilltops. Other
types of enclosed settlement of this period are less obviously defensive, as
they have less substantial earthworks and are usually in less prominent
positions. In the Pennines a number of late prehistoric enclosed settlements
survive as upstanding monuments. Where upstanding earthworks survive, the
settlements are between 0.4ha and 10ha in area, and are usually located on
ridges or hillside terraces. The enclosing earthworks are usually slight, most
consisting of a ditch with an internal bank, or with an internal and external
bank, but examples with an internal ditch and with no ditch are known. They
are sub-circular, sub-rectangular, or oval in shape. Few of these enclosed
settlements have been subject to systematic excavation, but they are thought
to date from between the Late Bronze Age to the Romano-British period (c.1000
BC-AD 400). Examples which have been excavated have presented evidence of
settlement. Some appear to have developed from earlier palisaded enclosures.
Unexcavated examples occasionally have levelled areas which may have contained
buildings, but a proportion may have functioned primarily as stock enclosures.
Enclosed settlements are a distinctive feature of the late prehistory of the
Pennine uplands, and are important in illustrating the variety of enclosed
settlement types which developed in many areas of Britain at this time.
Examples where a substantial proportion of the enclosed settlement survives
are considered to be nationally important.
The late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as Round Dykes Camp survives well. It is one of two such enclosed settlements on the slopes of Counter Hill. It contributes to the understanding of late prehistoric settlement and land use in northern England.
The monument includes an oval late prehistoric enclosed settlement known as
Round Dykes Camp. It is situated on Addingham Low Moor, 400m south of Hart
The enclosure measures about 99m by 86m overall, and is bounded by a ditch
with an inner and an outer bank. The outer bank is approximately 7m wide and
up to 0.8m high. The ditch is about 5m wide and up to 0.8m deep. The inner
bank is about 5m wide and 0.4m high. There is a break in the banks and ditch
on the east edge which may be an original entrance. A spring has caused the
inner bank to subside on the south east side. Internal features include an
earth mound at the south east end of the enclosure. On the north east side, a
break of slope bounds two level areas. These are larger than is usual for hut
platforms, but may have contained buildings.
The fence where it crosses the monument is excluded from the scheduling,
although the ground beneath is included.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing