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Two Roman camps 350m north east of Lodge Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two Roman camps 350m north east of Lodge Farm

List entry Number: 1018264

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Nottinghamshire

District: Gedling

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Calverton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 16-Apr-1998

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 29931

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Roman camps are rectangular or sub-rectangular enclosures which were constructed and used by Roman soldiers either when out on campaign or as practice camps; most campaign camps were only temporary overnight bases and few were used for longer periods. They were bounded by a single earthen rampart and outer ditch and in plan are always straight-sided with rounded corners. Normally they have between one and four entrances, although as many as eleven have been recorded. Such entrances were usually centrally placed in the sides of the camp and were often protected by additional defensive outworks. Roman camps are found throughout much of England, although most known examples lie in the midlands and north. Around 140 examples have been identified and, as one of the various types of defensive enclosure built by the Roman Army, particularly in hostile upland and frontier areas, they provide an important insight into Roman military strategy and organisation. All well-preserved examples are identified as being of national importance.

The two Roman camps 350m north east of Lodge Farm are rare examples of this type of monument in Nottinghamshire. Although no earthworks survive above ground level the camps are clearly visible as a cropmarks on aerial photographs. This illustrates the survival of remains beneath the ground surface. Taken as a whole the monument will considerably enhance our understanding of the Roman occupation of the area and the impact it had on the wider landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried remains of two Roman camps, situated on the west side of the valley of the Dover Beck, a tributary of the River Trent. The camps had open views of the surrounding landscape except to the north west where it is blocked by rising ground. This high ground has been enhanced in recent years by a large waste heap from Calverton Mine. Although no earthworks survive, the buried remains of the monument show clearly as cropmarks on aerial photographs. Both camps are sub-rectangular in shape but are of very different sizes with the smaller one being enclosed by the larger. The larger, or outer camp is the earlier of the two but its complete extent is not known. The north west corner is overlain by the modern road, and the low lying ground of Oxton Bogs, beside the Dover Beck obscures cropmark evidence on the north east side. The camp is defined by ditches but is unusual in as much as the ditches do not follow the line of the slope, the north west and south east sides cross the natural contours. The camp measures just less than 280m from north west to south east by 285m north east to south west and encloses an area of at least 8ha. Access would have been gained through a gate in the centre of the south west side with another possible gate in the north west side. A slight gap in the south east side, opposite the south east gate of the second camp, may represent another gate. It is not unusual for Roman camps to be realigned at an entrance and this may explain why the south east side of the camp bows outwards slightly at this point. The second camp is much smaller in size, enclosing an area of 1.7ha. It is defined by a broader ditch than the larger camp but its layout is irregular. The north east and south west sides are 150m and 122m long respectively and are parallel, but the south east side, which is 115m long, is not at right angles to them. The north west side changes direction immediately west of its central gate. Entrances are apparent approximately half way along each side of the camp and are guarded by linear ditches which lie approximately 10m outside the perimeter of the camp. The north east side of the smaller camp lies on the edge of the valley scarp and its precise orientation seems likely to have been determined by this natural feature. All modern fences and gates are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Welfare, H, Swan, V, Roman Camps in England: The Field Evidence, (1995)

National Grid Reference: SK 61504 50874

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018264 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 12:04:18.

End of official listing