Cup marked rock outcrop at the base of a wall 120m east of East Loups's, Cotherstone Moor

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018325

Date first listed: 18-Sep-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Cup marked rock outcrop at the base of a wall 120m east of East Loups's, Cotherstone Moor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: County Durham (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Cotherstone

National Grid Reference: NY 97552 17662

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland, Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the `cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more `rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Pecked lines or grooves can also exist in isolation from cup and ring decoration. Other shapes and patterns also occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols. Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be identified as nationally important.

The carving on the rock outcrop 120m east of East Loups's survives well and it is one of several carved rocks in the area of West and East Loups's. It will therefore contribute to the study of prehistoric carved rocks.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes an area of rock outcrop with a prehistoric carving. This portion of rock outcrop is partly obscured by a wall which is built over it. It is situated 120m east of East Loups's, immediately south of the gate into the enclosed land at East Loups's. The exposed area of the outcrop measures about 5m by 3m by 1.7m high. The carving is partly hidden by the wall, and consists of many cups on the top surface. There is also some modern graffiti on the side of the rock. The wall is included in the scheduling where it crosses the rock.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31785

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Beckensall, S and Laurie, T , Prehistoric Rock Art of County Durham Swaledale and Wensleydale, forthcoming
Beckensall, S and Laurie, T , Prehistoric Rock Art of County Durham Swaledale and Wensleydale, forthcoming

End of official listing